The Chinese Society for Immunology (CSI), a voluntary, national, academic, non-profit and non-governmental organization, formed from the national scientific and technical immunologists, is registered and established in accordance with the laws of China. CSI has grown out of the Chinese Committee for Immunology, which was founded in 1984, and became a member of the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) in the same year. The formal proceedings to establish CSI began in 1988 after it was approved and affiliated with the China Association for Science and Technology. In 1992, CSI became a member of The Federation of Immunological Societies of Asia-Oceania (FIMSA). Currently, the society possesses over 8700 members and 3500 members belong to the IUIS.

CSI has been dedicated to advancing the field of immunology since its birth. In 2004, CSI founded Cellular & Molecular Immunology, a preeminent, peer reviewed journal of immunology, besides six other official journals published in Chinese. By convening conferences, symposium, training courses and workshops covering all aspects of immunology and biomedicine, the Society also fosters the exchange of ideas and information, nationally and internationally, as well as addressing the important potential integration of immunologic principles into clinical practice.